Multiple applications may be needed for training purposes. Helps train puppies and dogs of all ages where to potty. Unique attractant scent will encourage dogs to urinate wherever the products is sprayed. For Indoor/Outdoor Use, great for outdoor areas, artificial grass and puppy pads. Liquid Spray 8oz for Puppies and Dogs of all ages, spray on desired areas only, do not spray directly on pet. Shake well before using. For Use Indoors: Determine a preferred place for your puppy to urinate. For best results while training, do not change the designated area. If using puppy pads or artificial turf, lightly spray each item. For Use Outdoors: Whether you are transitioning your puppy from indoors to outdoors or just teaching your dog to use a specific outdoor area, simply spray the designated area. Take your pet to the treated spot and allow him to sniff and become familiar with the new area. Continue the training process especially after your pet has eaten or slept. Reapply as needed. Ingredients: Deionized Water, Preservatives and Proprietary Attractant Scent. All NaturVet products are veterinarian formulated and manufactured in the USA in an FDA audited, cGMP compliant facility. 100% Satisfaction Guarantee.